Important News!!!

 For the first time in the history of the Cyprus Underwater Federation, a significant step has been accomplished which is to offer specialty certification courses with great success in the sectors of Underwater Marine Biology, marine sciences (oceanography) and scientific diving. CMAS professionals and researchers took part at the first national Course of Scientific diving at t Kiti bay in Larnaca area, which is considered to be one of the rich areas in terms of marine biodiversity, due to the abundance of the phanerogam Posidonia oceanica, the most important ecosystem in the Mediterranean Sea. The meadows it forms support a large variety of species of flora and fauna and provide one of the most important reproductive habitats for many animals, as well as refuge for many others. Nonetheless, in that area The Kition City Kingdom was established by the Mycenaean Greeks in the 13th century BC, with ancient ports which were the centre of transportation. At the area many artifacts and Mazotos shipwreck dated to about 350BC was discovered. The location offers the perfect place for the most demanding underwater scientists to satisfy all requirements for the underwater training as per CMAS directives. On March 2012, the courses began in Larnaca Cyprus, at the house of education and arts, under the auspices of Larnaca municipality and ministry of education, offering all amenities for theoretical lectures. The courses consisted of 119 hours of theoretical lectures, and applied practical field work which was completed successfully on February 2013. The event, took place under the direction of the CMAS Course director Dr. Stavros Kaniklides president of the Cyprus federation Scientific Committee. While the development of the courses, all applicants for the different degrees, made presentations concerning Underwater Biology, Oceanography, and Scientific Diving. All work started with the presentations of the CMAS and the degrees of Scientific Diving, followed by discussions, on the relevant topics. The presenters of the subjects where, Dr. Yiannos Kyriacou (PhD Marine Biologists) Andri Heracleous Msc Marine biologist (specialized in toxic marine microalgae) Maria Patsalidou (MSc in marine and biological sciences) Orestis Hartsiotis (Bsc Oceanographer Researcher) Mr. Polivios Savva (CMAS Three star Instructor and advance decompression chamber Operator) Mr. Pantelis Themistokleous ( CMAS 2 Star, and St john's first aid instructor) Andreas Troullides, (CMAS 3 star instructor specialized in deep sea rescue diving) Dr. Pantelis Chimonides (CMAS Diver and Dr. Medical Practitioner in microbiology) The lectures followed the CMAS standards while a special emphasis was given in marine biodiversity, on, the artificial reefs, invasive species, Marine Conservation Technologies, Search and recovery, decompression chamber procedures and training, cardiopulmonary and Oxygen requirement for resuscitation. While the field work has been adjusted in according to the presentations and discussions, which involve the planning, safety procedures, boat equipment handling, practical measurements techniques for underwater currents, via Fluorescent dye, species identification in Posidonia oceanica blooms, underwater photography, the use of slate to record organisms, Heavy cores and the use of lifting bags, sediment collection via corers, Rocky shores and marine invertebrates, mobile seasonal marine species, boat management and accident handling, GPS applications, monitoring and Videography via Remote operating Systems. This outstanding event in the history of Cyprus Federation Scientific Committee accomplished through a titanic effort and evokes many underwater scientists that CMAS is one among the top organizations on Global scale with future for development and understanding the nature of our hydroplanet earth. As in our global, ocean is in a continual circulation, with profound effects CMAS specialty degree courses in underwater sciences are in continuous motion aiming to evolve and revolve around the Scientific Diving. Our Power relies on knowledge, and it can gain only thought constant effort via learning, and functional effective methodologies. This event could not have been a success without the help of all participants who have contribute by donated their time, and scientific knowledge, To CMAS Scientific Committee in Cyprus.

 I thank you all for this significant event and wishing every success.


Dr. Stavros Kaniklides Scientific Committee Director President of Cyprus Federation Scientific Committee Verification link

 Official Statement prepare Dr. Stavros Kaniklides (BIU University ) Ocean Sciences


Biography of  Dr. Stavros Kaniklides


  • CMAS Instructor Brevet Diploma and cards

            3 Star diving Instructor, Brevet Instructor in Underwater Marine Biology, Brevet Scientific Diving instructor, Brevet instructor in Marine Sciences (oceanology)  having 10,000 log dives.


  • Manchester University

            MBA in Business Management

  • Granton Institute of Technology

Fish Aquaculture, E- Commerce Internet Specialist  

  • BIU University

PhD Degree Marine Biology, Marine Sciences, and Ocean Sciences



2012 to present

Member of the Board of Directors, CMAS Scientific Committee

  • Prepared various reports aimed at lifting the image of the scientific committee
  • Comparison of the advantages of CMAS to other organizations
  • Prepared reports on how to update CMAS website and optimization
  • Determined the recommendations and methodologies essential for CMAS to become affiliated with universities, and other prestigious research institutions
  • As a course director, I am teaching CMAS’ academic professionals the courses on Underwater Marine Biology, Marine Sciences, and Scientific Diving on the levels of instructors and advance
  • Ocean Scientists researcher In BIU University  



Cyprus Parliament

  • Carried out scientific report writing and fieldwork for construction of marine reserves
  • Conducted a scientific report and presentation to the department of environment as regards the negative impacts of posidonia oceanica, and pollution of salt lakes for the construction of a sewage drainage pipe in Larnaca bay
  • Created another website, For Cyprus Federation of underwater Activities, for the federation whose aim was to portray a better picture of who and what Cyprus Federation of Underwater Activities is
  • Participated in CRASA, and Russian Academy of Sciences Oceanology Institute by giving a strong scientific presentation pertaining to the global ocean pollution, and diverse responsibilities to curtail ocean pollution
  • Participated in a discovery channel mission in terms of a documentary film on ancient Mediterranean seamanship


 2010 Cyprus Tourist Organization

  • Conducted a risk assessment pertaining to diving safety and oil pollution on ZINOBIA shipwreck in Larnaca bay depth 40 meters
  • Created for C.F.U.A’ the  first website, CMAS Cyprus Scientific Committee , which endeavored at showing that it is a scientific committee in particular and CFUA in general
  • Prepared and made a power point presentation in respect to Underwater Archaeology in Cyprus, and Underwater Sciences in CMAS’ Europe meeting held in Cyprus


Cyprus Tourist Organization

  • Evaluation of the risk assessment report, and marine artificial reef report on the small vessel liberty at 27 meters
  • Made an underwater geological survey using scientific instruments (side scan sonar, ground penetration radar, proton magnetometer, deferential GPS) in the University of Patra Greece and the State University of Cyprus


President, CFUA Scientific Committee

  • Participated in Mazotos ancient Shipwreck Assumed responsibility of a safety diving officer and contacting research in marine life in a close proximity of the wreck at 45 meters
  • Marine bio-diversity of the shipwreck, and scientific report including laboratory and fieldwork
  • Wrote a well-regarded manual on marine biology that shares substantial knowledge and guidelines with the CMAS family


President, CFUA Scientific Committee

  • Participated in Mazotos ancient Shipwreck (300BC) at the depth of 45 meters
  • Offered extensive lectures in the archaeological research unit of the State University of Cyprus in the subjects of diving procedures and safety


President, CFUA Scientific Committee

  • Created one of the strongest teams, which combined CMAS instructors and academic graduates with vast experience in the relevant fields of underwater sciences
  • Inventor of the first Underwater Aquaculture sinking  cage in 1982  




Scientific reports: Bibliography

  • Aquatic toxicology
  • Coastal & Marine Ecosystems
  • Marine Biology Biodiversity
  • Marine Plants Biology
  • Book marine Biology and Scuba diving
  • The Ocean Sciences
  • Physical Oceanography
  • Marine Geology
  • The Coastal Ocean
  • Upper Ocean
  • Climatic and Oceans
  • Project Marine biodiversity on shipwrecks
  • The Global Ocean Response Due To Human Activities Has Substantially Altered the Earth’s Natural Cycles Global Temperature Rise, Sea Level Rise and earthquakes
  •  Invasive Alien Species in the East Mediterranean Coast and Global Warming
  • Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) its A Must In Cyprus Coastline
  • Sea Level Rise in the East Mediterranean Coast
  • Scientific Diving Methods and Applications


for  a better and greater CMAS Scientific Committee in a better tomorrow.

Yours Faithfully,

 PhD,Dr. Stavros Kaniklides

President of CFUA   Scientific Committee



A: Participation to Mazotos shipwreck  mid-forth century B.C. It lies at a depth of 45m

B: Training Cyprus University students department of Archeology

C: Marine Biodiversity report of Mazotos shipwreck

C: Risk Assessment of Liberty shipwreck at Paralimni assign by Cyprus Tourist Organization.

D: Risk assessment for  MS Zenobia shipwreck in terms of Scuba Diving assign by Cyprus Tourist organization.

E: Proposals for the creation of Marine Parks in Cyprus, requested by the Cyprus parliament environmental committee.   

 i.e.  A No-penetration diving (i.e.  scuba diving over the wreck) Limited penetration diving in the sun light zone, Full penetration diving, beyond the Euphotic zone.

F: Cyprus Scientific Committee after a rigorous training program in accordance to CMAS protocol has managed to produce some of the best scientific underwater instructors and certified scuba divers, in the fields of Underwater Marine Biology, Marine Sciences, and Scientific Diving. The trained underwater scientists are working in government and academic institutions, while others are freelancers ready to take any underwater scientific task. The whole programme is under the strict supervision of Doctor Stavros Kaniklides Ocean Scientists and CMAS Brevet scientific diving instructor Certification number CYPFXX1200000.

We are all proud as have made a substantial difference due to the fact all our instructors and students are 80% are degree holders (MSc & PhDs) from prestigious universities in the relevant themes. And we have developed CFUA (Scientific committee) a very strong foundation, for the present and the future.  This in an ongoing scientific training project as will be continued for the year 2013.   

The above projects have been accomplished by the Cyprus underwater scientific committee (Part of Cyprus underwater Federation)

Whales proactive respond to Earthquake and Tsunami

 Distress signals:

On February 21/2011 less than 48 hours prior to the New Zealand earthquake, a group of mammals comprises of one hundred whales beached themselves near Cavalier Creek on Stewart Island. This was the second whale beaching in a period of three weeks, while a 30 stranded pilot whales beached themselves on the island earlier in this month. Nonetheless, on Sunday 26 December 2004 prior the Indian Ocean earthquake at which a catastrophic tsunami occurs while before three weeks   one-handed and seventy whales died in Australia and New Zealand.

On the 7th of March, 2011, Twenty-two melon-headed whales that had washed ashore in Kashima, Ibaraki Prefecture, were rescued and returned to the sea Saturday by authorities and local volunteers. About 50 of the whales were found beached Friday night.

 11th, March 2011 JAPAN-EARTHQUAKE where 8.9 earthquake slams Japan's eastern coast, unleashing a   4-6 meter devastating tsunami that sweeps boats, cars, buildings and tons of debris miles inland. (BBC NEWS)   There is evidence that active sonar leads to beaching that can disorient mammals. The earthquakes produce Electromagnetic energy field fluctuations linked with fault zone events and in some cases also with low frequency radio waves, its also evidence before the occurrence of earthquake there is an increase of pressure on the earth crust altering  in pressure and  around a seismic region. The pre-earthquake electromagnetic waves frequency can be a result  of piezoelectricity as  earths crust is constituted mainly of rock or base rock consisting of ionic crystal which generates piezoelectricity (pressure prior to eruption produce piezoelectricity) resulting to the acceleration of electrons (electromagnetic waves) Physically well known is the piezoelectric effect: Permanently-polarized material such as quartz (SiO2,constituent of many rocks) will produce an electric field when the material is deformed as a result of an imposed mechanical force. These materials are piezoelectric. In general certain types of rocks under deformation generate electric and magnetic fields and vice versa.   

Whales, dolphins, and porpoises all have a weak sense of vision and of smell, and all use echolocation. They emit frequency-modulated sound pulse while the echoing   is then transmitted in the middle ear where it is converted to neural impulses and delivered to the brain. The brains of these sea mammals are at least as large relative to their body size as is a human brain relative to the size of the human body. Read more: Echolocation - Marine Mammals - Sound, Whales, Sounds, Porpoises, Objects, and Frequency      which is influenced by or generated from of fault zone events, that can produce strong reactions in humans, animals, while in water mass as a good conductor for the low frequency radio waves, radio transmission produces stronger effects to marine life and particularly mammals. Recent observations clearly indicate Whales, it seems, follow these magnetic lineations during migration. However, when there are strong magnetic anomalies whales can lose the direction and eventually leading them to beaching. The event of a volcanic activity before eruptions occurrences produce, tremors with narrow band of frequencies from about 0.5 to 2 HZ.( infrasound is low frequency (under 20 hertz), so low that humans can't hear it but animals can do hear and in particular whales and dolphins.)

 It’s therefore possible that the combination of sound waves and electromagnetic earth anomalies during an underwater earthquake can result to whales beaching and terrestrial life unusual behavior. The observations as per the aforementioned are consider a possible warning signal before a catastrophic event. Marine biologist and related marine science institutes, NGOs, including government bodies, must engage to construct an international integrated network for the sake of our planet. I do hope someone can analyze further this subject, as I have no instrumentation to prove and evoke marine biologists and marine scientists to joint me in this revolving and evolving issue giving stronger signals every day.   

Report by PhD. Dr. Stavros Kaniklides Ocean scientist


News and information's for  oceans matters

Mediterranean Sea marine environment, in terms of fauna and flora is very rich and approximately 12000 marine species have been recorded, one of the major reasons particularly in the coastal zone biodiversity derives from the sea grass Posidonia oceanica where there is an abundance breeding habitats, however there strong evidence of decline due to human activities, such as fishing, with nets, nutrient loading, from land, chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms, desalination plants, Oil pollution, Radioactive Waste. Pollution may derive from nonpoint sources such as agricultural runoff and wind blown debris, runoff from the construction of roads, harbors, atmospheric particles deposition (Wind blown dust and debris, plastic bags, airplanes) sewage stations in urban coast areas. These are among the few of the many other sources of pollution, resulting to acidification, Eutrophication, where typically destroy the not only the marine life, but also causes severe damage to tourist industry and consequently to governments income. Divers in Cyprus must be alert on these events and should take all necessary measures to protect our coastlines form such catastrophic occurrences.    

 learn about our oceans

Oceans mostly described as several 'separate' seas, these waters consist of one global, linked body of salt water sometimes referred to as the Planet Ocean or global ocean. This conception of an endless body of water with relatively free interchange among its parts is of basic concern to marine sciences. The major oceanic divisions typically are described in part by the continents (one of the several large landmasses on our planet.) 1. Pacific ocean deepest point is the Mariana Trench maximum depth has been estimated to be 11,035 meters, 2.Atlantic Ocean, 3.Indian Ocean, 4. Antarctic Ocean and the Artic Ocean. While the on this ocean, include marginal seas like Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean Sea, and Sea of Japan.  Marginal seas can strongly influence temperature and sanity of major ocean basins.


The Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea where Cyprus is situated is linked to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and nearly completely enclosed by land, on the north by Asia Minor and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant. The sea is in principle a part of the Atlantic Ocean, although it is usually identified as a separate body of water.


Mediterranean animated currents

Lively Data: March 14, 2008

The latest version of the LAS (7.+) enables a new data representation, very useful to highlight the evolution of a variable over time: animated images.

To introduce this new option, the example chosen this month is located in the Mediterranean Sea. The Absolute Dynamic Topography (ADT) represented over a 5-months period (July-November 2004) underlines the mesoscale circulation in this enclosed sea basins.

Absolute Dynamic Topography (ADT) in Mediterranean Sea between the 7th of July and the 24th of November, 2004 (one date at each image). Choose DT - Delayed time Data > Mediterranean > (Maps of) Absolute Dynamic Topography then longitude-latitude map in select view and "Animation" in select output. Finally, select the middle of the chosen period (here its the 15th of September 2004).  From this choice, the LAS automatically  sets the beginning and the end of the period (10 dates before and 10 dates after the 15th of September). The animation is appearing on a new window from an external link where you can select the projection speed.

The Mediterranean Sea shows a complex circulation, which is characterized by a high spatial and interannual variability in each sub-basin: Alboran Sea, Algerian basin, Tyrrhenian basin, Balearic Sea, Ionian Basin, Aegean Sea, Levantine basin.

Surface circulation in the Eastern Mediterranean basin

Lively Data, July 22, 2010

The Eastern Mediterranean basin, also called Levantine Basin, is located at the East of Crete Island. As the general circulation in the entire Mediterranean Sea, the circulation in this basin is induced both by winds at surface and water density differences.

Absolute geostrophic currents in cm/s the August 13, 2008, in the Levantine basin. For the map of geostrophic current, choose DT - Mediterranean - Maps of Absolute Geostrophic Velocities, Variable(s): Vector (U,V), the date, and the geographical area. Here, its preferable to choose a small area (a 5°-band on longitude) and to constraint the vector density with the option "Vector xskip,yskip" (we have choosen here a value of 1.2). Credits Ssalto/Duacs.

At the entrance of the Levantine basin, around 25°E, the Mid Mediterranean Jet (MMJ, in red on the map) departs from the African coast. It flows easward between 3 eddies more or less stable, not permanent. These features are visible on a map of geostrophic currents made with the LAS on 2008/08/13.

  • the Rhodes cyclonic eddy (blue "R" letter on the map)
  • the Mersa-Matruth anticyclonic eddy (orange "MM" letters on the map),
  • the Shikmona anticyclonic eddy (orange "S" letter on the map).

The MMJ passes south of Cyprus, bifurcates generally to the north and enters the Lattakia (off Syria) and Cilician (between Turkey and Cyprus) sub-basins. In this latter sub-basin, the MMJ moves westward and becomes the Asian Minor Current (AMC, in green on the map). It flows up to Rhode Island between smaller scale cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies and transfing warm and salty waters to the west.

The seasonal variability shows two extreme patterns: one in winter, the other in summer. While an overall strong coastal circulation can be seen in winter, the summer circulation is dominated by high mesoscale variabilities. 

would like to express our appreciation for the permission granted from AVISO for the images and information's listed above follow the link for detail news on the new space oceanographic science or click on the image below as it contains a vast amount of scientific oceanographic data
Aviso Web Site